Hip & Leg Conditions

What is Hypermobility Syndrome

What is hypermobility? Hypermobility refers to excessive joint laxity and range of motion. There are numerous causes of joint hypermobility, including genetic factors or development after trauma/ injury. It is more common to find generalised hypermobility in women, especially children and adolescents. An inherent loss in stability is often a result of an issue in…

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Foot Pain – a pain that is not to be ignored

A pain in ones foot can start off as a small discomfort but after a day of walking, jogging, or even standing in high heels, a small issue can become a big problem. Foot pain can be divided into 3 categories; local musculoskeletal pain, referred musculoskeletal pain and pain related to chronic disease or pathology….

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Anterior Knee Pain – Patellofemoral Pain (PFP)

PFP is a common knee presentation which is characterised by pain behind or around the kneecap. It can commonly be referred to as anterior knee pain, “jumper’s knee” or “runner’s knee” and affects up to 23% of adults and 29% of adolescents in the general population (Collins et al. 2018). The pain mostly occurs during…

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Progressing to pointe in classical ballet

Are you ready to commence work en pointe? Perhaps one of the most exciting times in a young dancers life is when she puts on her first pair of pointe shoes. The excitement and trepidation of making the transition from demi-pointe to pointe is incredibly exciting, however without guidance, this transition may just result in…

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Function of the kneecap

With a recent spate of kneecap (patella) tracking issues, I thought I would explore this injury more and describe the reasons behind faulty patella tracking. Patella-tracking issues are one of the most common knee conditions due to the significant number of factors that affect the position of the patella. They usually occur at a time…

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Activity induced (overuse) bursitis – what is it?

Bursitis is commonly diagnosed as the cause of pain in many areas of the body; you may have heard of it when people discuss their shoulder or hip. However, the condition is often not well understood and so I will explain here what bursitis is and why your might get pain referring from the bursa….

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A common condition that is often managed badly – plantar fasciitis

The most common cause of heel pain in both the athletic and non-athletic population, is a condition called plantar fasciitis. The suffix ‘itis’ is used to describe an inflammatory condition – in this case the inflammation is of the plantar fascia, which is dense fibrous tissue that connects the heel to the forefoot. As you…

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Do you need a scan for your injury?

One of the most common questions we get as a diagnosing practitioner is “Do I need a MRI, I’ve been told I should get a scan?”. There is no doubt technological improvements in radiology equipment and increased access to these services has become a huge help in us confirming and eliminating particular diagnosis. I thought…

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Use of orthoses (a.k.a. orthotics) in children

Orthoses or ‘orthotics’ are devices that we use in shoes to modify the load distribution through the foot. Most people associate orthoses being prescribed only for people suffering from foot, ankle and shin issues, but research has shown that they are able to change the loads placed on knees, hips and the spine as well….

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Are your knees noisy?

All the joints in the body have the capacity to make noises, some of which are a cause for concern, others are non sinister things happening within the body. One of the most common noises is the ‘pop’ sound generated with deliberate cracking of the finger knuckles. It is thought that this noise is created…

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